Avant-garde is a concept that stems from both warfare and art. Avant-garde flourished in a society in full transition. Artists anticipate social revolutions. In visual art the heyday of the avant-garde is situated between 1895 and 1920, with the First World War as an international fault line. Read more.
In the news
The museum has agreed to give back two plaques in its collection that were taken illegally from Nigeria after 1960. Why now?
With the government waging its ‘culture war’, the independence of national museums is at stake, write Chris Smith and Margot Finn
The Syrian-born, US-based artist talks to Gabrielle Schwarz about his sculptural dioramas of cities ravaged by war – and offers a message of hope for the future