Personality of the Year: Nicholas Penny

Nicholas Penny, director of the National Gallery, London, is Apollo’s Personality of the Year

Artist of the Year: Anselm Kiefer

Anselm Kiefer’s triumphant retrospective at London’s Royal Academy revealed just how extraordinary a career he has had

Museum Opening of the Year

The Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, is transformed by a new extension and refurbishment

Exhibition of the Year

‘Pontormo & Rosso Fiorentino: Diverging Paths of Mannerism’ at the Palazzo Strozzi

Book of the Year

Jeremy Warren’s catalogue of the medieval and Renaissance sculptures in the Ashmolean Museum is a tour de force of scholarly writing

Digital Innovation of the Year

Factum Foundation is using technology to record and conserve the world’s most fragile artefacts

Acquisition of the Year

The Sullivan Collection of Modern and Contemporary Chinese Art at the Ashmolean Museum

Shortlist: Acquisition of the Year

Some of the most noteworthy additions to museum collections

Shortlist: Book of the Year

The Apollo Book of the Year Award recognises publications that have contributed significantly to their field

Shortlist: Exhibition of the Year

Museum exhibitions can be revelatory events. Our shortlist celebrates some of the most significant recent shows